WPC vs SPC Flooring

In this article, we will explore the key differences between WPC and SPC flooring, delving into factors such as durability, water resistance, comfort, and appearance in order to help you make a well-informed decision for your home or building project.

Composition and Structure

WPC: Recycled Wood Pulp and Plastic Materials

WPC, or Wood Plastic Composite, is a multi-layer flooring material made of a rigid core made using recycled wood pulp and plastic materials. This eco-friendly composition features a balance of around 60% wood fibers and 30% plastic, with other additives making up the remaining 10%. These constituents are blended and bound together using heat and pressure to create a durable flooring material which is meant to resemble hardwood.

SPC: Limestone Dust

SPC, or Stone Plastic Composite, is a slightly different flooring option made with a rigid core comprised of limestone dust. This unique composition features approximately 50% limestone powder, 35% plastic, and 15% additives. SPC is known for its superior strength and rigidity due to the higher mineral content as compared to WPC.

Both WPC and SPC flooring materials have several layers:

  • Wear layer: A transparent protective layer that provides resistance to scratches, stains, and fading.
  • Decorative layer: This layer is printed with realistic wood or stone patterns and textures, creating a natural appearance.
  • Core layer: The core layer is where these two materials differ, with WPC having a wood-plastic composite core and SPC having a stone-plastic composite core.
  • Back layer: A final layer added to provide extra support and balance to the overall flooring structure.

WPC and SPC flooring share similarities as well as differences, both contributing to the overall market demand for these composite materials. Understanding the distinct compositions and structures can help users select the best flooring option for their specific needs.

Durability and Stability

When choosing between WPC and SPC flooring, durability and stability are essential factors to consider. Both types of flooring boast impressive characteristics that make them excellent choices for various environments. In this section, we’ll explore the durability and stability of WPC and SPC flooring.

WPC: Endure Heavy Foot Traffic

Wood plastic composite (WPC) flooring is known for its durability, as it combines the stability of vinyl with the strength of wood fibers. WPC flooring can endure heavy foot traffic and stand up to everyday wear and tear, making it ideal for both residential and commercial settings.

WPC flooring typically has a wear layer thickness of between 12 and 20 mils, which protects the flooring surface from scratches and scuffs. A thicker wear layer translates to longer-lasting durability. Additionally, WPC flooring is resistant to water and moisture, making it a suitable choice for areas prone to wet conditions, such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements.

SPC: Endure Heavy Foot Traffic

Stone plastic composite (SPC) flooring is another highly durable option. SPC floors derive their strength from their limestone core, which provides enhanced stability, rigidity, and resistance to dents and impacts. This makes SPC flooring an excellent choice for commercial spaces with heavy foot traffic or areas where heavy objects may be placed, such as gyms and warehouses.

Like WPC flooring, SPC flooring also features a wear layer for added durability. SPC wear layers range from 12 to 20 mils thick, depending on the manufacturer. Additionally, SPC floors are water and moisture resistant, making them a practical option for wet areas or environments with fluctuating temperatures and humidity levels.

In summary, both WPC and SPC flooring options offer impressive durability and stability, making them suitable choices for a wide range of applications. The choice between the two will ultimately depend on the specific needs and preferences of each project.

Water Resistance

Water resistance is an important factor to consider when choosing between WPC and SPC flooring. In this section, we will discuss the water resistance of both types of flooring and provide some numerical facts and credible sources for further information.

WPC: Water Resistance

Wood-plastic composite (WPC) flooring is known for its water-resistant properties. It is composed of a core layer made from a combination of wood fibers and thermoplastics, which provides a level of protection against moisture. The top layer, known as the wear layer, is also treated to resist water damage.

WPC can have a water absorption rate of around 0.9% to 3.3%. Although these rates are relatively low, it is still higher than that of SPC flooring. This means that while WPC can withstand some moisture, it may not be the best option for areas with a high risk of water exposure. To enhance water resistance, always follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for installation and maintenance.

SPC: Completely Waterproof

Stone plastic composite (SPC) flooring offers superior water resistance compared to WPC flooring. SPC is made with a core of stone and plastic material, which makes it completely waterproof. In fact, SPC flooring has such strong resistance to water that it can be installed in areas like bathrooms, kitchens, and basements without any concerns.

SPC flooring can have a water absorption rate of less than 0.1%, which is significantly lower than that of WPC. This makes SPC flooring the ideal choice for areas with frequent water exposure or potential risk of water damage.

Here is a comparison of WPC and SPC flooring’s water resistance properties:

Type of FlooringWater Absorption RateSuitable for High-Risk Water Exposure Areas
WPC0.9% – 3.3%No
SPCLess than 0.1%Yes

When selecting a flooring type based on water resistance, SPC is the superior choice. However, WPC can still be suitable for areas with lower risks of water exposure if proper precautions are taken.

Comfort and Insulation

WPC: Softer

One of the advantages of Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) flooring is its comfort underfoot. WPC flooring typically has a thicker and more resilient core than SPC, which gives it a softer, cushioned feel. This results in a more comfortable walking and standing experience for the user. Additionally, WPC flooring generally has superior insulation properties compared to SPC, helping to reduce sound transmission and keep your space warmer in colder months. WPC flooring has an R-value of approximately 1.2-1.5, which demonstrates better insulating properties than many standard floor coverings.

SPC: Harder

In contrast, Stone Plastic Composite (SPC) flooring is known for its rigidity and durability, but its harder nature can be less comfortable underfoot. However, SPC flooring can be installed with additional underlayment or cushioning layers to improve comfort levels. For sound insulation, SPC flooring performs relatively well due to its denser composition – but it may not offer the same level of thermal insulation as WPC flooring.

The table below presents a comparison of the comfort and insulation properties of WPC and SPC flooring:

AttributeWPC FlooringSPC Flooring
Underfoot ComfortSofter, cushioned feelHarder, less comfortable (but can be improved with underlayment)
Sound InsulationGoodGood
Thermal InsulationSuperior (R-value: 1.2-1.5)Less effective, but can be improved with additional layers

Environmental Impact

In this section, we’ll discuss the environmental impacts of both WPC and SPC flooring. We’ll break down the impact each type has on the environment and provide some numerical facts for comparison.

WPC: Low Environmental Impact

Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) flooring has a lower environmental impact compared to traditional flooring materials, as it is made from a blend of wood fibers and recycled plastics. However, it still has a higher carbon footprint than SPC flooring, due to its wood content.

WPC flooring can help reduce the use of raw materials and save energy during production. Some facts about WPC flooring:

  • Composed of around 30% recycled material.
  • Requires less energy to produce than traditional wood flooring.
  • Can be recycled at the end of its lifecycle.

SPC: Lower Environmental Impact

Stone Plastic Composite (SPC) flooring, made primarily from limestone and PVC, has a lower environmental impact than WPC flooring. SPC is considered a more sustainable option, as it uses less wood and more recycled materials in its production.

SPC flooring has a lower lifecycle environmental impact. Some facts about SPC flooring:

  • Composed of around 50% recycled material.
  • Requires less energy to produce than both traditional wood flooring and WPC.
  • Almost 100% recyclable at the end of its lifecycle.

Both WPC and SPC flooring offer environmentally friendly alternatives to traditional flooring, but SPC has a slightly lower environmental impact due to its higher recycled content and lower energy consumption during production.

Installation and Maintenance

Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) flooring is known for its easy and hassle-free installation process.

Stone Plastic Composite (SPC) flooring also offers a straightforward installation process similar to WPC flooring. The steps involved are as follows:

  1. Acclimate the flooring: leave the WPC planks in the room where they will be installed for at least 48 hours to ensure they adapt to the room’s temperature and humidity.
  2. Prepare the subfloor: make sure the subfloor is clean, dry, and level.
  3. Install the underlayment: this helps with sound reduction and provides a moisture barrier.
  4. Click and lock installation: WPC flooring features a click and lock system that allows for easy, floating installation without any need for glue or nails.


Both WPC and SPC flooring are designed to be low-maintenance and easy to clean. Some common maintenance tips include:

  • Regularly sweep or vacuum the floor to remove dirt and debris.
  • Use a damp mop with a mild cleaning solution for periodic cleaning.
  • Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaning tools that can damage the floor’s surface.
  • Place door mats or rugs in high-traffic areas to minimize wear and tear.
  • Use furniture protectors to prevent scratches or dents from heavy items.

By following these simple maintenance tips, WPC and SPC flooring can maintain their appearance and durability for an extended period.

Cost and Value

When it comes to choosing between WPC and SPC flooring, one significant factor to consider is their cost and value. Both types of flooring have distinct pricing structures that can impact your decision. Let’s examine the costs of each material and their associated value below.

WPC Cost: More Expensive

WPC flooring tends to be slightly more expensive than SPC flooring, primarily due to its thicker core layer and added features like a cushioned underlayment. The cost of WPC flooring ranges from $2.50 to $6 per square foot depending on the brand, quality, and design. It is essential to remember that while WPC flooring may have a higher initial investment, the increased durability and comfort it offers can potentially translate into long-term savings, especially in high-traffic areas.

SPC Cost: Less Than WPC Flooring

SPC flooring typically costs less than WPC flooring, with prices ranging from $1.50 to $4 per square foot. This lower price point can be attributed to its thinner core and the absence of a padding layer. Despite its lower cost, SPC flooring is still a durable and high-performing option, particularly in areas with frequent moisture exposure or temperature fluctuations, making it a great value in specific environments.

The upfront cost of WPC flooring appears to be higher than that of SPC flooring, the difference in maintenance costs and overall performance can considerably impact the total cost of ownership over time.

Type of FlooringPrice RangeKey Factors
WPC Flooring$2.50 – $6 per sq. ft.Thicker core layer, cushioned underlayment
SPC Flooring$1.50 – $4 per sq. ft.Thinner core layer, no padding layer


In summary, WPC and SPC flooring have their unique advantages and limitations. WPC flooring offers better underfoot comfort due to its thicker core, while SPC flooring has superior water resistance and durability thanks to its stone-based core.

Considering the lifespan and maintenance, WPC flooring lasts for 8-10 years while SPC flooring can last for 15-20 years. In terms of environmental impact, SPC is mostly recyclable which makes it a more eco-friendly choice.

Here is a quick comparison summary of WPC and SPC flooring:

Core MaterialWood Plastic CompositeStone Plastic Composite
Water ResistanceGoodExcellent
DurabilityGoodVery Good
Environmental ImpactLessBetter

Before making a decision, it’s essential to consider factors such as budget, room location, and expected usage. Consulting with a professional flooring expert or visiting an online flooring retailer can help you choose the best option for your specific needs.

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