What is EVP Flooring – EVP Definition, Benefits & Made of

EVP flooring, also known as Engineered Vinyl Plank flooring, is a relatively new type of flooring that has taken the market by storm in recent years. It is a type of luxury vinyl flooring that is engineered to look and feel like real hardwood flooring while providing the durability and ease of maintenance of vinyl flooring.

EVP flooring is made up of several layers of materials, including a vinyl core, a high-resolution photographic layer, and a protective wear layer. These layers are fused together under high pressure and heat, creating a strong and durable plank that can withstand heavy foot traffic, scratches, and spills.

One of the main advantages of EVP flooring is its versatility. It can be installed in any room of the house, including bathrooms and kitchens, where moisture and spills are common. EVP flooring is also easy to install, with many options available in a click-lock system that can be installed without the need for adhesives or special tools.

What is EVP Flooring?

Engineered Vinyl Plank (EVP) flooring is a type of luxury vinyl flooring that has become increasingly popular in recent years, with the global market for luxury vinyl tiles (LVT) and EVP flooring expected to reach $31.4 billion by 2024.

It is a hybrid flooring material that combines the best features of both vinyl and laminate flooring. EVP flooring is made up of multiple layers of material that are fused together under high pressure and heat. The result is a durable, waterproof, and versatile flooring option that can be used in a variety of settings.

What is EVP Flooring Made of?

EVP flooring is made up of several layers, including a top wear layer, a vinyl layer, a core layer, and a backing layer.

  • The top wear layer, which is typically between 6 and 20 mils thick, is designed to protect the flooring from scratches, stains, and other types of damage.
  • The vinyl layer is where the design and color of the flooring come from.
  • The core layer is made up of a high-density fiberboard (HDF) material that provides stability and durability.
  • The backing layer is designed to provide additional support and stability to the flooring.

Benefits of EVP Flooring


One of the biggest benefits of EVP flooring is its durability. This type of flooring is made of several layers, including a rigid core layer that provides stability and resistance to dents and scratches. Additionally, the wear layer on top of the flooring is designed to withstand heavy foot traffic and resist stains and fading. EVP flooring is a great choice for high-traffic areas in homes and commercial spaces, as it can withstand the wear and tear of daily use.


EVP flooring is also waterproof, making it an excellent choice for areas that are prone to moisture, such as bathrooms, kitchens, and basements. Unlike traditional hardwood flooring or laminate flooring, EVP flooring won’t warp or buckle when exposed to water. This means that spills and accidents can be easily cleaned up without causing damage to the flooring. Additionally, the waterproof feature of EVP flooring makes it a great choice for pet owners, as it can withstand accidents and spills from pets.

Easy Installation

EVP flooring is designed to be easy to install, making it a great choice for DIY projects. Many types of EVP flooring feature a click-lock system, which allows the flooring planks to snap together easily without the need for glue or nails. This makes installation quick and easy, even for those with little to no experience with flooring installation. Additionally, EVP flooring can be installed over most existing flooring surfaces, including concrete, tile, and hardwood, making it a versatile choice for any space.

In summary, EVP flooring is a durable, waterproof, and easy-to-install flooring option that is perfect for high-traffic areas, moisture-prone areas, and DIY projects. With its many benefits, EVP flooring is a great choice for anyone looking for a long-lasting and low-maintenance flooring option.

Types of EVP Flooring

EVP (Engineered Vinyl Plank) flooring comes in various types, with differences in construction, design, and features. Here are some of the common types of EVP flooring:

Rigid Core EVP: Rigid core EVP flooring is made with a dense, rigid core layer that provides excellent stability and durability. This type of EVP is highly resistant to indentation, making it suitable for high-traffic areas and commercial spaces.

WPC (Wood Plastic Composite) EVP: WPC EVP flooring features a core layer made from a combination of wood pulp, plastic, and other materials. This type of EVP offers excellent waterproof properties and is known for its dimensional stability and resistance to temperature fluctuations.

SPC (Stone Plastic Composite) EVP: SPC EVP flooring has a core layer composed of a mixture of limestone, PVC, and stabilizers. This type of EVP is known for its extreme durability, resistance to impact and indentation, and waterproof capabilities.

Hybrid EVP: Hybrid EVP flooring combines features of both WPC and SPC flooring. It offers a blend of the benefits from each type, such as durability, water resistance, and stability.

Acoustic EVP: Acoustic EVP flooring is designed with sound absorption in mind, featuring an additional layer of padding to reduce noise transmission. This type of EVP is ideal for multi-story buildings or spaces where minimizing sound transfer is crucial.

Enhanced EVP: Enhanced EVP flooring offers additional features, such as improved scratch resistance, built-in underlayment, or advanced locking systems for easier installation. These options may come at a higher price but can provide added value and convenience.

Who Makes EVP Flooring?

Many flooring manufacturers produce EVP (Engineered Vinyl Plank) flooring, as it has become a popular option for homeowners and commercial spaces. Some well-known brands that manufacture EVP flooring include:

  1. Shaw Floors
  2. Mohawk Industries
  3. Armstrong Flooring
  4. Mannington Mills
  5. COREtec (by USFloors)
  6. Karndean Designflooring
  7. Tarkett

These companies and others offer a wide range of EVP flooring options with varying designs, colors, and styles to suit different preferences and budgets. When selecting EVP flooring, it’s essential to research and compare the products, warranties, and reputations of different manufacturers to ensure you’re investing in a high-quality and durable flooring solution.

How to Choose the Right EVP Flooring

Color and Style

When it comes to choosing the right EVP flooring, color and style are important factors to consider. EVP flooring comes in a wide range of colors and styles, so you can easily find one that fits your home decor. Some popular options include wood-look, stone-look, and tile-look EVP flooring. It is important to choose a color and style that will complement your home’s interior design and color scheme.

Thickness and Wear Layer

The thickness and wear layer of EVP flooring are also important factors to consider. Thicker EVP flooring is more durable and can withstand heavy foot traffic, making it ideal for high-traffic areas like entryways and hallways. The wear layer, which is the top layer of the flooring, also plays a role in durability. A thicker wear layer can protect the flooring from scratches and other types of damage. It is important to choose a thickness and wear layer that is appropriate for the level of foot traffic in your home.


Price is another important factor to consider when choosing EVP flooring. The cost of EVP flooring can vary depending on factors such as thickness, wear layer, and brand. Generally, EVP flooring prices range from $2 to $7 per square foot, but luxury options can go as high as $10 or more per square foot.

It is important to set a budget before shopping for EVP flooring and to compare prices from different brands and retailers. Keep in mind that while EVP flooring may be more expensive upfront than other types of flooring, its durability and low maintenance requirements can save you money in the long run.

EVP flooring has a lifespan of 20-30 years, making it a long-lasting and cost-effective flooring option. Additionally, the Environmental Protection Agency states that EVP flooring is an eco-friendly choice, as it is made from recycled materials and is recyclable at the end of its lifespan.

When shopping for EVP flooring, be sure to do your research and choose a reputable brand and retailer. Look for reviews and ratings from other customers to ensure you are getting a quality product. By considering factors such as color and style, thickness and wear layer, and price, you can choose the right EVP flooring for your home that will provide durability and style for years to come.

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